The merits and demerits of education

Education is a critical aspect of the advancement of humanity. It is the process where skills, character, and knowledge impacts an individual through learning.  The right to education is fundamental and if facilitated through various methods such as teaching, training, research, various discussions, and storytelling. Education can be either formal or informal and can be divided into primary, secondary and tertiary stages. The systems of learning are critical for the advancement of the human population both socially, economically and politically.  However, education has the potential to bring both positive and negative changes to individuals and the society. Positively education has the potential to,

  • ØReduction of poverty

Millions of children that do not attend school are mainly found within families that live below the poverty line. The choices the parents make are majorly based on providing food rather than empower the children through education.  The young men are forced into economic activities to support their families while the girls either go into early marriages or carry out domestic chores. Through education, the parents can empower their children thus becoming self-sufficient.  In addition, education promotes competition and opens the mind thus enabling the generation of new ideas to create wealth. Education is thus an important aspect of promoting social identity and eradication of poverty.

  • ØPromotion of health

Research firms such as International Social Survey Programme attributes education with higher levels of health, political interest, and social trust. Moreover, women empowerment through education is associated with the gradual decrease in mortality rate in children. Therefore, educated mothers seek maternal health and honor immunization processes. Furthermore, improved education is necessary for the reduction and control of the spread and treatment of HIV. Financial empowerment associated with education also allows for access to quality healthcare and a healthy lifestyle.

  • ØSocial empowerment

Gender imbalance was an issue in almost all aspects of social and political arenas. Consequently, campaigns advocating for girl child education were intensified. The education of the women has thus empowered them enabling reduced gender inequality.  Additionally, this has prevented an increase in early marriages and empowered women in decision making. Therefore, educated women tend to have fewer children as compared to the uneducated ones:  a major factor to social empowerment.

  • ØEconomic growth

The prosperity of the economy is a direct consequence of increased literacy levels. Similarly, women education also leads to a further economic growth regarding the gross domestic product. Thus, having a steady job as a result of education is also contributory to the growth of the economy as a whole.

  • ØDisadvantages of education
  • ØStatus symbol

Education has over the years created a gap in the social order with discrimination based on the level of education and the institution of study. Furthermore, an increase in levels of education has resulted in superiority complex and a sense of false achievement among students thus widening the gap between members of the society. Grading of people based on academic excellence rather than a wholesome approach is the cause of educational divisions.

  • ØIdeological barrier

The systems of education sometimes impose existing principles to students instead of allowing them to generate their ideas. As such, the power of discovery is limited. Also, an education system that is not all round in approach may result in undesirable outcomes.

The advantages of education outweigh the disadvantages. Thus, it emphasizes the importance of education. However, the system should be well structured to ensure the exceptional development of learners.   

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